Makar Sankranti 2021: Why is Makar Sankranti called ‘Khichdi’ festival?
Happy Makar Sankranti 2021: The festival of Makar Sankranti is of special importance throughout the country. This festival is celebrated with pomp in the month of January every year. On this day, the Sun is Uttarayan, that is, the northern hemisphere of the Earth turns towards the Sun. It is believed that on this day, the Sun enters Capricorn. This festival is known by different names in different states of the country. In Uttar Pradesh it is celebrated as Khichdi, Ghughutiya or Kale Kauva in Uttarakhand, Bihu in Assam, and Pongal in South India. Although the method of celebrating it is different in every state, but the sun is worshiped everywhere. This year, Makar Sankranti is on 14 January.
Why is Makar Sankranti called ‘Khichdi’ festival?
In Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh, this festival is called ‘Khichdi’, because on this day it is special to make, eat and donate Khichdi (Khichdi 2021).
Makar Sankranti 2021: 14 or 15 When is Makar Sankranti this year? Know the importance of this festival and method of worship
Importance of eating khichdi on Makar Sankranti
It is believed that rice is considered the symbol of the moon, black urad dal is the symbol of Saturn and green vegetables are the symbol of Mercury. To strengthen the position of planets in the horoscope, it is said that khichdi should be eaten on Makar Sankranti. Therefore, on this occasion rice, black lentils, salt, turmeric, peas and vegetables are prepared by adding khichdi.
In Uttar Pradesh, Makar Sankranti is called ‘Khichdi’. Sun is worshiped on this day in the pilgrimage places, especially in the Ghats of Benaras and Allahabad. Those who are unable to go to the ghat, they take a bath at home. Taking a bath on this day is considered very important. Prasad of sesame and jaggery is taken after bathing. Khichdi of rice and lentils is eaten and donated on this day.
Bihar and Jharkhand
Makar Sankranti is celebrated on 14 January in Bihar and Jharkhand as Makrat or ‘Khichdi’. Like other states, the sun is worshiped here too. In addition, breakfast of curd-chuda, sesame-jaggery foods and seasonal vegetables is served. At the same time, Makrat is celebrated on the next day i.e. 15 January. Khichdi made of Makrat is made from pulse, rice, cabbage, peas and potatoes.
Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh
In Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, there is a tradition of eating khichdi and sesame laddus on the day of Makar Sankranti, like Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. People here also make gujiya on this day.